Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve

Established in 1976 with an area of 175 sq. km., Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is considered one of the best bird watching ground in Nepal. The reserve also assists the local economy by providing fishing permits and allowing the collection of edible fruits and ferns in season.

We are happy to offer you a camping trip into this reserve with our resident bird-watching specialist Rabindra. Please contact us for details.

Geographic Features

The reserve lies on the flood plains of the Sapta-Koshi in Saptari and Sunsari Districts of eastern Nepal. Rapid and complete inundation of the reserve to depths ranging from 10 to 300 cm. occurs during the monsoon. The Sapta-Koshi river also changes its course from one season to another.


The vegetation is mainly tall khar-pater grassland with a few patches of khair-sisso shrub forest and deciduous mixed riverine forest.


The reserve offers important habitat for a variety of wildlife. The last surviving population (number about 100) of wild buffalo (or arna) are found here. Other mammals are the hog deer, wild boar, spotted deer, and blue bull. Sightings of endangered Gharial crocodile and Gangetic dolphin in the Koshi River have been recorded.

Over 280 species of birds have been recorded in the reserve, and many species are not seen elsewhere in Nepal. Some of the common and rare birds sighted in the reserve include 20 species of ducks, 2 species of ibises, many storks, egrets, herons and endangered swamp partridges and Bengal floricans. The Koshi Barrage is extremely important as a resting place for migratory birds.

Wildlife Reserves

Classic Himalaya Travel
7472 De La Farge Drive, Cupertino, CA 95014
Tel: (408) 255-1155
E-mail: info@classichimal.com

Home page designed by Charles Lin 1996
All photographs by Charles Lin 1996